Nigeria reports 63 deaths in ongoing Cholera outbreak

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC), says it registered 63 deaths and 2,102 suspected cases in the ongoing cholera epidemic across the country.

The Director-General of the centre, Dr Jide Idris, said this during a news conference on the cholera situation on Tuesday in Abuja.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that cholera is a severe diarrheal illness caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, and has remained a significant health challenge, especially in regions with inadequate sanitation and clean water.

It is, therefore, advisable to understand the disease transmission mechanism so as to curb its spread.

Idris said that as at June 30, Nigeria recorded 2,102 suspected cholera cases and 63 deaths across 33 states and 122 local government areas, with a case fatality rate of 3.0 per cent

The NCDC boss said that the top 10 affected states are Lagos, Bayelsa, Abia, Zamfara, Bauchi, Katsina, Cross River, Ebonyi, Rivers, and Delta, with seven of these being in the south.

He said
that the National Cholera Multisectoral Emergency Operation Centre (EOC), activated for this crisis, comprised subject matter experts who coordinate the response, ensuring effective resource mobilisation, surveillance, case management, and community engagement.

He said that the measures aim to enhance diagnostic capacity, treatment, and public awareness.

According to him, there are key prevention and response activities initiated by the agency.

‘Such activities include assessments in 22 hotspot states, distribution of medical supplies, technical support, training programmes and public health advisories,’ he said.

The NCDC boss said that in spite of strong political support and efforts, challenges like open defecation, inadequate toilet facilities, poor water and sanitation, waste management issues, and weak regulatory practices persisted.

He added said that the impact of climate change and flooding exacerbated the cholera situation in the country.

He said that there were efforts to continue to combat
the outbreak, with a focus on improving hygiene practices, enforcing public health laws, and enhancing healthcare workers’ capacity at state and local levels.

‘Only 123 (16 per cent) of 774 LGAs in Nigeria are open defeacation free. With Jigawa as the only open defeacation free state in Nigeria. More than 48 million Nigerians practice open defecation.

‘Inadequate toilet facilities and existing ones even in many government facilities not well maintained. Inadequate Safe water and poor sanitation,’ he said.

According to him, 11 per cent of schools, six per cent of health facilities, four per cent of motor parks and markets, have access to basic water, sanitation and hygiene services.

He listed its causes to include poor waste management practices, poor food, environmental and personal hygiene practices., capacity gap among health care workers at the state and LGA levels.

‘Weak regulation on construction of soak away and bore holes (some sunk close to water source and bore holes sunk in wrong location).

Inadequate Implementation and enforcement of public nuisance law and other relevant public health laws.

‘Inadequate capacity at State level – delayed disease reporting and response action. Capacity gap among health care workers at the state and LGA levels.

‘Also, poor regulation of food vendor and commercial water supply on hygiene, weak regulation on sighting of boreholes and well, which are close to sewage or toilets pathways,’ he said.

He said that low knowledge and practice of basic hygiene such as hand washing and effect of climate change and flood was also a major cause of cholera.

Meanwhile, the Minister of State for Environment, Dr Iziaq Salako, said that the cholera outbreak in the country came as a stark reminder that when the country failed to prioritise environmental sanitation, public health would be jeopardised and economy would be affected.

‘Nigeria is experiencing the adverse impact of climate change as evidenced by the shift in seasons, rising sea levels and more frequent extreme weat
her events like floods, droughts and heat waves with undeniable health consequences,’ Salako said.

According to him, the combination of climate change and poor sanitation, without doubt, poses a double jeopardy to the health of the planet and all creatures on it.

NAN recalls that public health experts have suggested comprehensive strategy to combat the cholera outbreak.

The experts also called for improved sanitation, access to safe water, proper hygiene, and better living conditions to address this recurrent and predictable loss of lives.

They advocated for the classification of cholera as a neglected tropical disease.

Cholera, a virulent but treatable disease, causes 2.9 million cases and 95,000 deaths annually worldwide.

Proper management keeps mortality under one percent, but it can rise to 60 percent if untreated.

Historically, cholera has shaped public health, from John Snow’s 1854 London outbreak response to the development of life-saving oral rehydration therapy by Hemendra Nath Chatterjee in 1
953. 9

Source: News Agency of Nigeria

Air Chief tasks NAF personnel to enhanced safety culture

The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS), Air Marshal Hasan Abubakar, has tasked safety officers of the Nigerian Air Force (NAF) to ensure enhanced safety culture in all its activities and operations.

Abubakar said this at the NAF Safety Review Board Meeting on Tuesday in Abuja.

He said the actions or inactions of personnel could either help to propel or break the accident chain sometimes experienced in the course of NAF activities or operations.

Abubakar also called for the emplacement of appropriate actions to break the accident chain, so as to enshrine a good safety culture that transcends all levels in the NAF.

According to him, it is vital to thoroughly examine all the safety issues arising from the meeting and come up with objective and innovative ideas to enhance safety in the Service.

‘While we all know that safety is a collective responsibility, this board is primarily accountable for safety administration in the NAF.

‘Accidents are the results of a sequence of events, beginning with deliberate decisio
ns taken and NAF cannot afford to pay lip service to issues relating to safety,’ Abubajar said.

He said the Service regarded safety as one of its core functions, and reiterated commitment towards developing, implementing and reviewing policies to ensure that all activities were conducted in a safe and conducive environment.

According to him, NAF will intensify efforts to enhance safety as it continues its transformation into, ‘an agile and resilient force that effectively meets the airpower demands of national security in all operational environments’.

He assured that more interesting and auspicious days were ahead for the NAF in view of the Federal Government’s commitment to equip it with modern platforms.

‘The need for a proactive and enhanced safety culture is thus critical in ensuring that their usage are maximised’.

The Chief of Standards and Evaluation, AVM Micheal Onyebashi, said the board, being the apex body of the NAF Safety Management Structure, organised the biannual meeting to deliberate on
major policy, resource allocation and regulatory issues relating to safety.

Onyebashi said the board was required to give direction and guidelines that would ensure the entrenchment of a healthy safety culture in the NAF.

According to him, the NAF has since commenced the introduction of safety education at all NAF entry points and training institutions as directed in the last safety board review.

He said the board also leveraged the online learning infrastructure at the Air Warfare Centre, to sustain an appreciable level of safety education across the NAF.

Onyebashi said there was need for the board, commands and units to work assiduously towards ensuring safety standards were maintained in all NAF activities, especially with the induction of additional platforms.

He urged the board to proffer strategies and ideas that would enable the NAF to experience continuous improvement in safety in all its operations.

In a paper presentation entitled: ‘Senior Managers’ Role in Organisational Safety Management Sys
tem,’ Dr Iteke Chukwunonso of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), said that managing safety entailed managing risks reactively and proactively as well as predictively controlling risks to an acceptable level.

He said that safety management should have a business like approach and be woven into the fabrics of an organisation until it becomes a part of their culture.

He commended the NAF for its exceptional safety standards and enjoined its leadership to continue to retain the responsibility and accountability for safety.

Chukwunonso also emphasised the need for NAF leadership to promote open reporting through non punitive disciplinary policies while encouraging incentives for promoting safety.

Source: News Agency of Nigeria

NNPC Ltd declares state of emergency on oil, gas production

The Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPC Ltd) on Tuesday declared a state of emergency on production in oil and gas industry.

The NNPCL has also called on all players in the industry to collaborate towards reducing the cost of oil production and boosting production to target levels.

Malam Mele Kyari, Group Chief Executive Officer, NNPCL, stated this in Abuja at the ongoing 23rd edition of the Nigeria Oil and Gas (NOG) Conference and Exhibition holding from June 30 to July 4.

‘We have decided to stop the debate. We cannot afford to negotiate further, we have declared war on the challenges affecting our crude oil production.

‘Our biggest interest is to produce more oil and gas in spite of oil theft and other challenges.

‘We have the right tools. We know what to fight. We know what we have to do at the level of assets. We have engaged our partners and we will work together to improve the situation,’ he said.

Kyari said a detailed analysis of assets revealed that Nigeria could conveniently pr
oduce two million barrels of crude oil daily without deploying new rigs, but decried the inability of players to act in a timely manner as major impediment.

He said obstacles to effective and efficient production such as delays in procurement processes and old pipeline network were affecting the industry.

He said NNPCL would replace all the old crude oil pipelines built over four decades ago and introduce a rig sharing programme with its partners to ensure that production rigs stayed in the country.

This, he said, would be a medium to long-term measures aimed at boosting and sustaining production.

He expressed commitment to investing in critical midstream gas infrastructure such as the Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben (OB3) and the Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano gas pipeline to boost domestic gas production and supply for power generation.

On Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Kyari said the NNPCL had keyed into the Presidential CNG Initiative drive.

He said in conjunction with partners such as NIPCO Gas, NNPCL had built a number
of CNG stations, 12 of which would be commissioned on Thursday in Lagos and Abuja.

The Secretary-General of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF), Mr Mohamed Hamel, in an address, also advocated for natural gas infrastructure and penetration for energy stability and security.

Source: News Agency of Nigeria

Four die, 66 injured in Santchou accident

At least four person were confirmed dead and 66 others injured in an accident that occurred along the dangerous Santchou stretch of road in Dschang, West region, the Director of the Dschang regional hospital annex , Professor Noubom Michel said.

A communique revealed that Nteingue is the exact village where the accident occurred, just around the Plantain market.

The oldest victim is 68 years whole the youngest is 2 years old.

Preliminary findings suggest a brakes failure when the bus belonging to Tresor voyage inter urban transport agency, was negotiating a bend.

Source: Cameroon News Agency

Two soldiers killed in Munyenge

The two victims had left their duty posts to relax nearby but were ambushed on their way back on Monday night.

Munyenge, a locality in Muyuka subdivision in the South West region – where Kome and Mengue were sent from Tiko on mission.

The attack happened on the same night when Ambazonia fighters killed a BIR in Kumbo, North West region.

Source: Cameroon News Agency

Separatists kill soldier who went visiting girlfriend

A member of the BIR called Bello Bouba from Meinganga, popularly called Valséro, was brutally murdered last night around 8 PM in Tadu, Kumbo, North West region, by Separatist fighters.

His colleague escaped. He was accused by his colleagues of killing his partner but only discovered Tuesday morning that they were attacked.

CNA learned that self-styled Separatist commander, Major General Viper, and Newsman ambushed Bello who was visibly weak after celebrating an Epaulet award the same day. He reportedly went to visit his girlfriend before being tracked and killed by fighters under FM Mad Dog.

The girl is said to have called the attention of Separatists that her ‘boyfriend’ was drunk and helpless.

This incident marked the second soldier from Meiganga to be killed in the ongoing Anglophone conflict.

Source: Cameroon News Agency